- much1 W1S1 [mʌtʃ] adv1.) by a great amountmuch better/greater/easier etc▪ Henry's room is much bigger than mine.▪ These shoes are much more comfortable.▪ I'm feeling very much better, thank you.much too big/old etc▪ He was driving much too fast.much the best/most interesting etc BrE▪ It's much the best way to do it.2.)a) used to ask or talk about the degree of a differencehow much older/smaller etc▪ She kept weighing herself to see how much heavier she was getting.b) used to ask or talk about how big an additional amount of something ishow much more/longer/further▪ How much longer do we have to wait?▪ How much further is it?c) used to emphasize the difference you are mentioninghow much better/nicer/easier etc▪ I was surprised to see how much better she was looking.▪ How much better life would be if we returned to the values of the past!3.) used to talk about a strong feeling or something that is done oftenhow/however much▪ You know how much I care about you.▪ I think you have to accept the pain, however much it hurts.▪ He talks too much .▪ We're looking forward to your visit so much .▪ Thank you very much !much loved/admired/discussed etc▪ The money will buy much needed books for the school.4.) not ... mucha) only a little or hardly at all▪ 'Did you enjoy it?' 'No, not much.'▪ She isn't much younger than me.▪ Tony hasn't changed much in the last ten years.b) used to say that something does not often happen▪ We don't go to the theatre much any more.▪ Kids don't play outside as much as they used to.→↑little3 (2)5.) much like sth/much as also much the same (as sth)used to say that something is very similar to something else▪ The house was very much as I'd remembered it.▪ The taste is much like butter.▪ Plants are classified in much the same way as animals.6.) much to sb's surprise/embarrassment etcformal used to say that someone feels very surprised, embarrassed etc when something happens▪ Much to my relief, the conversation turned to another topic.7.) much lessused to say that a greater thing is even less true, likely, or possible than the thing you have just mentioned▪ The shelves were lined with books which neither Hugo nor Sally would ever open, much less read.8.) much asalthough▪ Much as I like Bob, I wouldn't want to live with him.9.) not so much...as...used to say that one description of someone or something is less suitable or correct than another▪ She was not so much nervous as impatient for the journey to be over.→so much the better at ↑better3 (2)much 2much2 W1S1 determiner, pron1.) [in informal English 'much' is used mainly in questions and negatives]a large amount of something▪ I don't have much money with me.▪ Was there much traffic?▪ He didn't say much about his trip.▪ Do you get much chance to travel in your job?▪ After much consideration we have finally arrived at a decision.much of▪ Much of the city was destroyed in the attack.(far/much/rather/a little) too much▪ There was too much work for one person.▪ It would cost far too much to have the thing repaired.▪ It was such a small thing to have caused so much trouble.2.) how muchused to ask or talk about the amount or cost of something▪ How much is that dress?▪ How much flour should I use in the sauce?▪ I know how much hard work goes into looking after a baby.3.) as muchan amount that is equal and not lessas much (...) as▪ I hope you have as much fun as I did.▪ Just do as much as you can.4.) as much as 10/100 etcused to emphasize how surprisingly large an amount is▪ Some machines cost as much as £20,000.5.) used in negative expressions to say that something is not important, interesting, good etcnot/nothing much▪ 'What are you doing?' 'Oh, not much, really.'▪ There's nothing much we can do to help.▪ I don't think much of that idea (=I do not think it is good) .▪ The car may not be much to look at (=it does not look good) but it's very reliable.▪ It's the best book he's written, but that's not saying much (=none of his books are very good) .6.) not be much of a sthto not be a good example of something or not be very good at something▪ I'm not much of a dancer, I'm afraid.▪ It wasn't really much of a storm.7.) be too much for sbto be too difficult for someone to do or bear▪ The effort of climbing the stairs had been too much for the old man.▪ The shock had been too much for her - she never recovered.8.) not be up to muchBrE spoken to be fairly bad▪ The restaurant's very grand but the food isn't up to much.9.) there is not much in it informalused to say that there is little difference between two things or amounts▪ 'Isn't the woollen carpet more expensive?' 'A little, perhaps, but there's not much in it.'10.) think/say etc as muchto think or say the thing that has just been mentioned▪ Carson strongly disapproved of the plan and said as much at the meeting.▪ 'Max was lying all the time.' ' I thought as much.'11.) it was as much as sb could do to do sthused to say that someone only succeeded in doing something with great difficulty▪ He looked so stupid, it was as much as I could do to stop myself from laughing.12.) not/without so much as sthused when you are surprised or annoyed that someone did not do something▪ They left without so much as saying goodbye.▪ He'd received not so much as a thank you from Tiffany.13.) so much for sthused to say that a particular action, idea, statement etc was not useful or did not produce the result that was hoped for▪ He's late again. So much for good intentions.14.) I'll say this/that much for sb/sthused when saying one good thing about someone or something when they are being criticized a lot▪ Well, he does admit it when he's wrong, I'll say that much for him.15.) as much againan additional amount that is equal▪ The car only cost me £1500 but it cost as much again to get it insured.16.) be a bit much/be too muchBrE spoken used to say that someone's behaviour is unacceptable or impolite▪ It's a bit much expecting you to pay for it all.17.) make much of sb/sthformal to treat a person or thing as though you think they are very important or special▪ The press made much of the discovery.▪ They've always made much of their nephews and nieces.▬▬▬▬▬▬▬GRAMMARWhen much is a quantifier, it is used mainly in questions and negative sentences : Was there much mess? |I don't have much time. In sentences which are not questions or negative sentences, phrases like 'a lot of' and 'plenty of' are used instead |Kurama has a lot of snow (NOT Kurama has much snow).Much can also be used after too , so , and as : We've wasted too much time. | She cried so much her head ached. | Drink as much wine as you want.!! Do not use much before countable nouns. Use many or a lot of : There are too many advertisements on television (NOT There are too much advertisements on television).When much is an adverb, it is mainly used before comparative adjectives : He looks much older than 35. | Some people are much more fortunate than others.Much can also be used before some adjectives in questions and negative questions : She doesn't look much different with her new hairstyle.!! Do not use much before adjectives in sentences that are not questions or negative sentences. Use very : Tea and coffee taste very different (NOT Tea and coffee taste much different).Much can also be used before some past participles acting as adjectives : Education is a much discussed government service. | a much admired writer This use is mainly found in formal and literary English.▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.